Generally, employment law is the same for church organizations as for other nonprofits. However, there are several areas of employment law that are of particular importance to church organizations, including the use of volunteer workers. Various federal labor statutes do not apply to volunteers (for example, Fair Labor Standards Act). While religious organizations are generally exempt under Title VII (Federal law) as to religious matters and personnel hiring based on religious considerations, such organizations are still subject to Title VII for discriminatory conduct based on race, national origin or sex (except with the possible exception of hiring pastoral staff). Thus, the determination of the legal status of volunteers does involve potentially significant federal and state employment (and tax) law issues.